The Evolution of ChatGPT and Its Role in Artificial Intelligence

Arian Garshi
4 min readDec 22, 2022

Artificial intelligence (AI) has made significant strides in recent years, and one of the most impressive examples of this is the development of ChatGPT, an advanced AI system created by researchers and engineers at OpenAI. In this article, we will delve into the technical details of how ChatGPT was created, explore some of its capabilities, and discuss whether the popular and controversial belief that it is at least somewhat sentient is valid.

How does it work?

Through a combination of natural language processing (NLP), machine learning (ML), and natural language generation (NGL) technologies, ChatGPT is able to engage in casual conversations with people and provide helpful responses to a wide range of questions and requests.

NGL is a field of artificial intelligence that focuses on enabling computers to understand and interpret human language. To develop their NLP capabilities, the team at OpenAI gathered a large dataset of text and used ML algorithms to train the AI on this dataset. The dataset consists of a wide range of topics, from history and science to literature and current events. With this massive amount of information, the AI model is able to develop a level of language processing and understanding that is similar to that of a human being. However, it is important to note that the model does not have any particular reasoning capabilities. it simply gets fed so much data that it starts noticing a pattern in the words and their order through mathematics and statistics.

The other key technology used in the creation of ChatGPT, NLG enables the AI to produce written or spoken responses in a way that is similar to human language. To develop ChatGPT’s NLG capabilities, the team at OpenAI used a combination of rule-based systems and ML algorithms to enable the AI to produce accurate and natural-sounding responses. The model does not learn to speak a specific language as we do. instead, it looks at patterns and structures that it has been trained on, to predict what we expect to see when we put specific words together to form a question when we communicate with it.

So.. is it sentient?

We have all seen sci-fi movies about sentient AI. Some of us have even been eagerly waiting for its arrival, while others are fearing that a superintelligent AI would destroy the world. Most people who have tried ChatGPT have probably felt an eerie fascination with the assistant, to a degree where whether it could have any level of sentience is a valid question.

However, it is not accurate to describe ChatGPT, or any artificial intelligence, as sentient. Sentience refers to the ability to experience consciousness or self-awareness. While ChatGPT is a large and sophisticated artificial intelligence, it merely mimics how humans put letters together to form comprehensive sentences that convey information.

Although it engages in convincing conversations, it does not have the ability to experience the world in the same way that a human or animal does. it does not really experience anything at all. it merely tries to mimic and make sense of various letter combinations from the alphabet. It does not have the ability to perceive the world through senses, form complex abstract concepts, or engage in higher-level reasoning and problem-solving.

Additionally, ChatGPT relies on external input in order to function, as it does not have the ability to generate its own information. It does not have the ability to create original ideas or thoughts independent of this input.

What can it be used for?

There are many impressive and innovative things that users can do when interacting with ChatGPT, or similar large language models. Here are a few examples:

  1. Generating creative content: ChatGPT can be used to generate creative content, such as poetry, fiction, or song lyrics. It can also be used to help writers brainstorm ideas or generate alternative endings for stories.
  2. Answering questions: ChatGPT can be used to answer a wide range of questions, making it a useful tool for research or learning new information. It can also be used to help people find answers to complex or specialized questions that may be difficult to find through traditional search engines. Think of it as Google, except the answers are highly personalized. And you can ask follow-up questions since it remembers the context of the conversation.
  3. Providing personalized recommendations: ChatGPT can be used to provide personalized recommendations for things such as books, movies, or music based on a user’s interests and preferences. It can also be used to help people discover new things that they may be interested in. You may for example say “I am interested in x, y, and z. what do you recommend based on this information?”

Overall, ChatGPT and similar large language models have the potential to be used in many innovative and impressive ways. They can help people to communicate more effectively, generate creative content, learn new skills, and access information more efficiently.